By James F. McKenzie, Robert R. Pinger
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Community Health
When challenged later with material from a smallpox (Variola) pustule, the boy remained healthy. Dr. Jenner’s discovery remains as one of the great discoveries of all time for both medicine and for public health. Prior to Dr. 6). The only known prevention had been “variolation,” inoculation with smallpox material itself. This was a risky procedure because people sometimes became quite ill with smallpox. 6 United States during this time was 29 years. to the elimination of smallpox, millions Following the American Revolution, George Washington ordered Prior died or were severely disfigured by the disease.
Period of Social Engineering (1960–1973) The 1960s marked the beginning of a period when the federal government once again became active in health matters. qxd 10/26/04 3:53 PM Page 19 CHAPTER 1 COMMUNITY HEALTH: YESTERDAY, TODAY, AND TOMORROW medical advances. These Americans, most of whom were poor or elderly, either lived in underserved areas or simply could not afford to purchase medical services. In 1965, Congress passed the Medicare and Medicaid bills (amendments to the Social Security Act of 1935).
The Reform Phase (1900–1920) By the beginning of the twentieth century, there was a growing concern about the many social problems in America. The remarkable discoveries in microbiology made in the previous years had not dramatically improved the health of the average citizen. By 1910, the urban population had grown to 45% of the total population (up from 19% in 1860). 9). Northern cities were also swelling from the northward migration of black Americans from the southern states. Many of these workers had to accept poorly paying jobs involving hard labor and low wages.
An Introduction to Community Health by James F. McKenzie, Robert R. Pinger