By Thaddeus E. Weckowicz
As indicated by way of its name "A historical past of significant rules in irregular Psychology", this booklet is not only interested by the chronology of occasions or with biographical information of serious psychiatrists and psychopathologists. It has as its major curiosity, a learn of the guidelines underlying theories approximately psychological disorder and psychological health and wellbeing within the Western international. those are studied in keeping with their old improvement from precedent days to the 20 th century. The booklet discusses the historical past of rules in regards to the nature of psychological ailment, its causation, its remedy and likewise social attitudes in the direction of psychological ailment. The conceptions of psychological disorder are mentioned within the context of philosophical rules concerning the human brain and the clinical theories triumphing in several classes of heritage. definite perennial controversies are offered similar to these among the mental and natural ways to the therapy of psychological disease, and people among the focal point on illness entities (nosology) as opposed to the focal point on person personalities. The ideals of primitive societies are mentioned, and the advance of early clinical principles approximately psychological ailment in Greek and Roman instances.
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Extra resources for A History of Great Ideas in Abnormal Psychology
The Hellenistic Period. ) and the formation of new kingdoms by his successors, the center of Greek learning and medicine shifted from Athens and the Greek Islands to Alexandria in Egypt. C. The schools of medicine in Alexandria and later on, in Rome, adhered to the constitutional medical model. The issues which were debated, were those of dogmatism versus empiricism. Both dogmatism and empiricism opposed scepticism. Humoralism opposed solidism. Humoralists followed Hippocrates and Aristotle in believing that the basis of the human constitution was in the four humors.
This did not apply to that part of the human soul known as active reason which was a divine transccndental entity, separate from the body. Aristotle located the center of the soul in the heart rather than in the brain. H e also stressed 2 0 Antiquity 25 the importance of “heat” as the mediating factor between the humors and the soul. The heat produced vapors which were cooled and condensed in the form of dew in the brain. Excessive vapors could produce mental illness. However, Aristotle also believed that disturbing passions could cause mental illness and had to be purged by catharsis.
Tookavownever toread pagan books. ) believed that all diseases, physical and mental, should be treated by miraculous cures effected by an exposure to prayers and to the relics of saints. Consequently, he rejected lay medicine. ) believed that fractures of the limbs were caused by devils. Credo qua absurdurn est. ) This became the motto of the age. Several of the patristic writers showed considerable psychological insight. John Cassian (360-435), who was interested in asceticism, described the sorrow and melancholia of young monks who carried on ascetic practices.
A History of Great Ideas in Abnormal Psychology by Thaddeus E. Weckowicz